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OSH Standards


Occupational Safety and Health Act 1994 (Act 514)

The  Occupational  Safety  and  Health  Act  1994  (OSHA  1994)  provides  the  legislative  framework  to promote,stimulate and encourage high standards of safety and health at work. It is a self‐regulatory approach on which theresponsibility for occupational safety and health at workplace are shared between the employers and the workerssince the employers are the ones who provide the working environment which gives rise to hazards at work and the workers are the ones who have to work with these hazards’.  Since the enactment of the Act in 1994, 8 Regulationswere enacted under the Act.

  1. Employers’ Safety and Health General Policy Statements (Exception) Regulation 1995
  2. Control of Industrial Major Accident Hazards Regulations 1996
  3. Safety and Health Committee Regulations 1996
  4. Classification, Packaging and Labeling of Hazardous Chemicals 1997
  5. Safety and Health Officer 1997
  6. Prohibition of Use of Substance 1999
  7. Use and Standards of Exposure of Chemicals Hazardous to Health 2000
  8. Notification of Accident, Dangerous Occurrence, Occupational Poisoning and Occupational Diseases Regulations 2004

Factories and Machinery Act 1967 (Act 139)

The Act 139 was enacted in 1967 (and amended in 2006) and it is the legislation applicable until today to provide forthe control of factories with respect to matters relating to the safety, health and welfare of person therein, theregistration and inspection of machinery and for matters connected therewith. There are 14 regulations promulgatedunder the Act namely:

  1. Steam Boiler and Unfired Pressure Vessel Regulations 1970
  2. Electric Passengers and Good Lifts Regulations 1970
  3. Fencing of Machinery and safety Regulations 1970
  4. Person in Charge Regulations 1970
  5. Safety, Health and Welfare Regulations 1970
  6. Administration Regulations 1970
  7. Certificate of Competency – Examinations Regulations 1970
  8. Notification, Certificate of Fitness And Inspection Regulations 1970
  9. Compounding of Offences Regulations 1970
  10. Lead Regulations 1984
  11. Asbestos Process Regulations 1986
  12. Building Operations & Works of Engineering Construction (Safety) 1986
  13. Noise Exposure Regulations 1989
  14. Mineral Dust Regulations 1989 


Petroleum Act (Safety Measures) 1984 (Act 302) 

The Act 302 makes rules intended to ensure safety in the transportation, storage and utilization of petroleum. TheAct contains provision relating to the transportation of petroleum by road and railway; by water; by air; by pipelines;storage and handling of petroleum. DOSH is given the statutory right to administer the transportation of petroleum by pipelines.


 Other Guidelines and ICOP (Industrial Code of Practice) produced by DOSH Malaysia 

  1. Guidelines On Occupational Safety And Health In The Office - 1996
  2. Guidelines On First-Aid Facilities In The Workplace - 1996
  3. Guidelines On Method Of Sampling And Analysis For Airborne Lead - 1997
  4. Guidelines For The Formulation Of A Chemical Safety Datasheet - 1997
  5. Guidelines For The Classification Of Hazardous Chemicals - 1997
  6. Guidelines For Labeling Of Hazardous Chemicals - 1997
  7. Guidelines On Occupational Safety And Health In Tunnel Construction - 1998
  8. Guidelines For The Registration Of Assessors, Hygiene Technician And Occupational Health Doctor - 2000
  9. Guidelines For The Preparation Of A Chemical Register - 2000
  10. Guidelines On Trenching For Construction Safety - 2000
  11. Assessment Of The Health Risks Arising From Use Of Hazardous Chemical In The Workplace (2nd Edition) - 2000
  12. Guidelines On the Control Of Chemicals Hazardous To Health - 2001
  13. Guidelines On Medical Surveillance - 2001
  14. Guidelines for Preparation of Demonstration of Safe Operation Document (General) - 2001
  15. Guidelines for Preparation of Demonstration of Safe Operation Document (Storage of Liquified Petroleum Gas In Cylinder) - 2001
  16. Guidance for the Prevention of Stress and Violence at the Workplace - 2001
  17. Guidelines On Monitoring Of Airbone Contaminant For Chemicals Hazardous To Health - 2002
  18. Guidelines On Occupational Safety And Health For Standing At Work - 2002
  19. Guidelines On Reproductive Health Policy & Programmes At The Workplace - 2002
  20. Guidelines On Occupational Safety And Health in Agriculture - 2002 (English)
  21. Guidelines On Occupational Safety And Health in Agriculture - 2002 (Mandarin)
  22. Guidelines On Occupational Safety And Health in Agriculture - 2002 (Tamil)
  23. Guidelines On Occupational Vibration - 2003
  24. Guidelines On Occupational Safety And Health For Seating At Work - 2003
  25. Guidelines On Occupational Safety And Health In Fishing And Aquaculture Operations - 2003
  26. Guidelines On Gender Issues In Occupational Safety And Health - 2003
  27. Guidelines On Occupational Safety And Health For Working With Video Display Unit (VDU’s) - 2003
  28. Guidelines On Occupational Safety and Health In The Service Sector, 2004
  29. Guidelines On Occupational Safety And Health In Logging Operations - 2004
  30. Guidelines On Preventing And Responding To Drugs And Alcohol Problems In The Workplace-2004
  31. Guideline On Occupational Health Services - 2005
  32. Guidelines On Occupational Safety and Health (Notification Of Accident, Dangerous Occurance, Occupational Poisoning And Occupational Disease) Regulations 2004 (NADOPOD) - 2005
  33. Guidelines On The Use of Personal Protective Equipment Against Chemicals Hazards - 2005
  34. Guidelines on Storage of Hazardous Chemicals: A Guide for Safe Warehousing of Packaged Hazardous Chemicals - 2005
  35. Guidelines On Occupational Safety and Health Act 1994 (Act 514) - 2006
  36. Guidelines For The Prevention of Falls at Workplaces - 2007
  37. Guidelines For Public Safety And Health At Construction Sites - 2007
  38. Guidelines for Hazard Identification, Risk Assessment and Risk Control (HIRARC) - 2008
  39. Guidelines on Occupational Safety And Health for Design, Inspection, Testing and Examination of Local Exhaust Ventilation System - 2008
  40. Guidelines on The Safety Management of Amusement Park Devices - 2008
  41. Guidelines on OSH of Mercury Management in Oil and Gas Industry - 2011
  42. Guideline on OSH  For Media Professionals -2011
  43. Guidelines on Occupational Safety and Health Management Systems (OSHMS)-2011


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